Accountability – A commitment to human rights starts with universal standards and with holding everyone accountable to those standards, including ourselves.
Principled Pragmatism – Promoting human rights requires pragmatism and agility, not compromising on principles, but doing what is most likely to bring practical results.
Partnering at All Levels – The
A Wide Focus – Positive change must be reinforced and strengthened over time. Where human lives hang in the balance, the
My comments: The State Department announces that it will conducts formal, systematic human rights dialogues with various countries and advances the administration’s engagement policy by talking to leaders of human rights risky countries. It stresses the importance of support of the efforts of the OSCE. This is the most challenging part of this policy.
President Nursultan A. Nazarbayev, who runs the country like a family business-and-television empire and has been enveloped for years with allegations of corruption, won 91 percent of the vote in a December 2005 election that independent observers said was flawed.
Before the election, a human rights worker who published allegations of presidential corruption on a Web site was mugged. The attackers tore open his clothes and used a blade to carve a large X — the mark of the censor — on his chest. The government also confiscated newspapers that published articles on presidential corruption.
The State Department urged Mr. Nazarbayev to respect press freedoms. But, like the message to Azerbaijan, that message became mixed when the American ambassador to the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe appeared to dismiss the crackdown’s significance, when she addressed a Kazakh official during a speech.
“When I was in Kazakhstan a couple of weeks ago I had the interesting pleasure of reading some of this [sic] newspapers that have been seized,” the ambassador, Julie Finley, said to a session of the organization’s council in Vienna in November 2005, according to the transcript. “Maybe you saved some readers some waste of time, anyway.”
(The transcript was removed from the American mission’s Web site but not before being saved by Western diplomats who circulated it independently. Ambassador Finley, a political appointee, declined to comment; a colleague said she has often spoken out for media freedom in Kazakhstan, and that this quote was an ad lib from her prepared text and did not reflect her true feelings.)
Two months after Mr. Nazarbayev’s victory, one of the opposition leaders who had challenged him, Altynbek Sarsenbaiuly, was murdered by members of the K.N.B., a Kazakh successor to the K.G.B. And last year, Mr. Nazarbayev ushered in changes to the Kazakh Constitution that cleared a path for him to be president for life.The second challenge UN. New administration seeks to defend and promote human rights and democracy through the United Nations system. To our regret, this global institution still makes less progress in these issues. The third challenge is money. In the time of financial constraints $400 million will go to support human rights and democracy programs around the globe. It is interesting to know how much money planned the countries like